Informations for your holiday in Apulia
Situated at the south-eastern tip of the Italian peninsula, Apulia covers over 19,000 square kilometers (7,336 sq mi) in succession of broad plains and low-lying hills. The central area of the region is occupied by the Murge, a vast karst plateau and Itria Valley. The only mountainous areas, the Gargano promontory and the Monti Dauni, do not exceed 1,150 m (3,800 ft) and are to be found in the north of Apulia, which is the least mountainous region in Italy.
The Tavoliere delle Puglie, a tableland at the foot of the Gargano promontory, is one of the largest and agriculturally most productive plains in Italy. Elsewhere, rainwater permeates the limestone bedrock to form underground watercourses that resurface near the coast. Groundwater is therefore abundant, and there are many caves and sinkholes. The caves at Castellana Grotte are particularly spectacular.
Having warm and sunny weather most of the year and being surrounded by the sea, Puglia has traditionally been a region with excellent production in terms of wines, extra virgin olive oil, fruit, vegetables, wheat, and seafood.
The role that the cuisine plays in Puglia and Southern Italy's culture is proven by the fact that the Mediterranean cuisine received an Unesco heritage award.
Apulia is one of the richest archaeological regions in Italy. It was first colonized by Mycenaean Greeks, then became foundamental for the ancient Romans, who conquered it during the course of wars against the Samnites.
The region has a good network of roads but the railway network is somewhat inadequate, particularly in the south. Apulia's 800 kilometers (497 mi) of coastline is studded with ports, which make this region an important terminal for transport and tourism to Greece and the easternMediterranean.